Solutions for tax savvy investors.

In an environment characterized by volatility, rising rates, and inflation, managing income portfolios is challenging. Factor in the reality of taxes, and the challenge is even more daunting. Municipal bonds are not only an attractive income solution on an after-tax basis, but they have proven historically resilient in volatile markets and less sensitive to interest rate changes.



Tax Efficient Strategies Across the Income and Risk Spectrum

Tax-Efficient Strategies Across the Income and Risk Spectrum

This is a hypothetical illustration showing relative potential risk and yield. Risk based on standard deviation. *National muni tax-equivalent yield based on 40.80% tax level (37% highest federal tax bracket plus the 3.8% Medicare surcharge). CA and NY muni tax equivalent yield based on the blended rates derived from a top federal income tax rate of 37%, the 3.8% Medicare tax, top state income tax rates of 8.82% and 13.30% in New York and California, respectively. Past performance is no guarantee of future results, which will vary. For the most recent MainStay Funds performance, please visit our web site at All mutual funds are subject to market risk and will fluctuate in value.

Please note that not all products may be available for sale to all registered representatives and agents. Please consult your firm guidelines.Please note that not all products may be available for sale to all registered representatives and agents. Please consult your firm guidelines.


MacKay Municipal Managers™
The Minds Behind Munis

A recognized leader in active municipal bond investing, the team at MacKay Municipal Managers averages over 20 years of industry experience, and its Co-CIOs have worked together since 1993. Learn more about the insights, experience and solutions you need to help take advantage of the municipal bond market.

Visit Muni 360 >

John Loffredo

John Loffredo

Executive Managing Director

Bob Dimella

Robert DiMella

Executive Managing Director

Additional Tax Efficient Investing Solutions

Performance data quoted represents past performance. Past performance is no guarantee of future results. Due to market volatility, current performance may be less or higher than the figures shown. Investment return and principal value will fluctuate so that upon redemption, shares may be worth more or less than their original cost. Performance figures for all Funds reflect contractual waivers and/or expense limitations, without which total returns may have been lower. These limitations may be modified or terminated only with Board approval.

The Morningstar Rating™ for funds, or "star rating", is calculated for managed products (including mutual funds, variable annuity and variable life subaccounts, exchange-traded funds, closed-end funds, and separate accounts) with at least a three-year history. Exchange-traded funds and open-ended mutual funds are considered a single population for comparative purposes. It is calculated based on a Morningstar Risk-Adjusted Return measure that accounts for variation in a managed product's monthly excess performance, placing more emphasis on downward variations and rewarding consistent performance (this does not include the effects of sales charges, loads, and redemption fees). The top 10% of products in each product category receive 5stars, the next 22.5% receive 4 stars, the next 35% receive 3 stars, the next 22.5% receive 2 stars, and the bottom 10% receive 1 star. The Overall Morningstar Rating for a managed product is derived from a weighted average of the performance figures associated with its three-, five-, and 10-year (if applicable) Morningstar Rating metrics. The weights are: 100% three-year rating for 36-59 months of total returns, 60% five-year rating/40% three-year rating for 60-119 months of total returns, and 50% 10-year rating/30% five-year rating/20% three-year rating for 120 or more months of total returns. While the 10-year overall star rating formula seems to give the most weight to the 10-year period, the most recent three-year period actually has the greatest impact because it is included in all three rating periods.

Click on the product name for the most recent overall risk-adjusted Morningstar ratings shown above, including ratings by share class and time period and the number of funds in each category. The Fund page also includes the prospectus, investment objectives, performance, risk and other important information.

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